Before we talk about informal contractions, let’s review…
- Contractions happens when we combine two words to make one word.
- Contractions allow us to express a thought with fewer words.
- Contractions are a standard part of American English and are used in informal and formal situations.
- Contractions are not lazy speech. In fact, not using contractions will make your speech sound foreign.
- Contractions follow specific rules, so don’t make up your own!
- Contractions are not used in writing, unless it is informal writing.
- Contractions are made by using an apostrophe. The apostrophe stands in for the missing letters.
So what are informal contractions?
- Informal contractions also combine 2 or more words to make one word
- Informal contractions also allow us to express a thought in fewer words
- Informal contractions are spoken, but seldom written
- Informal contractions don’t use the apostrophe
Here are some examples of common informal contractions
Word + to
- going + to = gonna Glen is gonna go to school tomorrow.
- got + to = gotta She’s gotta keep working on the weekend.
- want + to = wanna Do you wanna go to a movie?
Word + you
- did + you = didja Didja finish your homework?
- would + you = wouldja Wouldja open the window?
- where + did + you = wheredja Wheredja get that coat?
Word + of
- kind + of = kinda It’s kinda hard to practice if you’re busy.
- lot + of = lotta A lotta kids like to watch TV.
- lots + of = lotsa Lottsa people have cell phones.
Word + would have
- she + would have = sheda Sheda been on time, but the bus was late.
- I + would have = Ida Ida called, but it was too late.
- you + would have = youda Youda liked the movie I saw last night.
You might also hear people say:
- don’t + know = dunno I dunno when I’ll get home tonight.
- let + me = lemme Why don’t you lemme help you with that.
- must + have = musta He musta left his coat at home.