Contractions part 2-the informal contractions

Before we talk about informal contractions, let’s review…

  • Contractions happens when we combine two words to make one word.
  • Contractions allow us to express a thought with fewer words.
  • Contractions are a standard part of American English and are used in informal and formal situations.
  • Contractions are not lazy speech.  In fact, not using contractions will make your speech sound foreign.
  • Contractions follow specific rules, so don’t make up your own!
  • Contractions are not used in writing, unless it is informal writing.
  •  Contractions are made by using an apostrophe. The apostrophe stands in for the missing letters.

So what are informal contractions?

  • Informal contractions also combine 2 or more words to make one word
  • Informal contractions also allow us to express a thought in fewer words
  • Informal contractions are spoken, but seldom written
  • Informal contractions don’t use the apostrophe

Here are some examples of common informal contractions

Word + to

  • going + to = gonna      Glen is gonna go to school tomorrow.
  • got + to = gotta            She’s gotta keep working on the weekend.
  • want + to = wanna       Do you wanna go to a movie?

Word + you

  • did + you = didja                             Didja finish your homework?
  • would + you = wouldja                   Wouldja open the window?
  • where + did + you = wheredja        Wheredja get that coat?

Word + of

  • kind + of = kinda                  It’s kinda hard to practice if you’re busy.
  • lot + of = lotta                       A lotta kids like to watch TV.
  • lots + of = lotsa                     Lottsa people have cell phones.

Word + would have

  • she + would have = sheda             Sheda been on time, but the bus was late.
  • I + would have = Ida                       Ida called, but it was too late.
  • you + would have = youda             Youda liked the movie I saw last night.

You might also hear people say:

  • don’t + know = dunno                I dunno when I’ll get home tonight.
  • let + me = lemme                        Why don’t you lemme help you with that.
  • must + have = musta                   He musta left his coat at home.

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