More than one

Plurals (shows you have more than one) can be tricky for native and non-native speakers of English because the rules are not consistent.  If you are an English as a second language (ESL) speaker you may find yourself leaving off final sounds.  This can have an affect on plurals because often plural is shown by adding –s to the end of the word.

One dog Two dogs
One cake Three cakes

You may wonder what to do if a word ends in -s already.  Then we add –es

One bus Two buses
One kiss Two kisses

We also add -es to words ending in ch, x

One witch Two witches
One box Two boxes

So you may think, OK, I’ll remember to add the s and you’d be correct until you come to a word that has an irregular plural form.

One man Two men
One child Two children
One tooth Two teeth

Or a word that ends in f where we not only add the s but we also change the f to v.

One knife Two knives
One leaf Two leaves
One self Two selves

But even that has a exceptions!

One roof Two roofs
One dwarf Two dwarves

When in doubt look in the dictionary, preferably one that will also pronounce the word for you.

For more examples look at these websites:

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/plurals.htm

http://www.grammar.cl/Notes/Plural_Nouns.htm

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